Marduk. Buenos Aires, winter 2014. Painting, Oil on canvas, Size: 43.3 W x 59 H in (110 W x 150 H cm). © 2014 Florencia San Martin Brück/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York
Marduk was the Babylonian name of a late-generation god from ancient Mesopotamia and patron deity of the city of Babylon, who, when Babylon became the political center of the Euphrates valley in the time of Hammurabi (18th century BCE). In the perfected system of astrology, the planet Jupiter was associated with Marduk by the Hammurabi period.
The etymology of the name Marduk is conjectured as derived from amar-Utu (“bull calf of the sun god Utu”). The origin of Marduk’s name may reflect an earlier genealogy, or have had cultural ties to the ancient city of Sippar (whose god was Utu, the sun god), dating back to the third millennium BCE.